- Kitchen & Dining
- Walls & Floors
- Doors & Windows
Thankyou for registering on ZingyHomes.We have sent you a verification email. Please click on the link mentioned in the email to activate your account and start using the site!
As a member, you get exclusive offers, discounts, sneak previews, space planner and members only rewards and privileges.
You already have an account? Great! Sign In
Remind me later
Sign In to ZingyHomes
Prefabricated BuildingsBy Nilanjan Bhowal
Architecture Tweet 0 Comment(s)
As the name suggests, prefabricated buildings are structures pre-built elsewhere and installed on a selected location (Site). The extent of the manufacturer’s prefabrication can vary from structure to structure but generally the major components of the building are constructed offsite. Designs of prefabricated buildings also vary as do the materials used in their construction.
The genesis of prefab construction was prompted by war time housing, where construction had to be very fast with minimum labor and multiple repetitive units needed to be erected.
Prefabricated offices, schools, churches and homes have all been built in different locations throughout the world. Construction materials include wood, concrete, metal etc typically used in building and factory engineering.
Factory-control makes the best use of materials and produces less waste and also reduces energy consumption compared to on-site construction. These buildings can also be green certified.
Prefabricated homes are commonly known as modular homes which are generally transported to site and can be assembled in mere days (depending on the complexity of the structure) unlike typical construction which usually take months time to complete. They follow the concept of Lego blocks which are constructed as separate elements, like the walls, the floor slab, doors, windows etc. and assembled on the site. These elements have certain restrictions of the span and designs as they are factory constructed. Depending on the type of construction they can easily be dismantled and reassembled in another place.
Pre fabricated buildings can be designed for virtually any use and are ideally suited to operations requiring short construction time and/or relatively inexpensive construction costs. They are also an excellent solution in locations where conditions prohibit or otherwise impair onsite construction. In most cases, this drastically reduces construction time and cost, and allows construction to take place regardless of environmental conditions, site issues etc. The disadvantage for the client in this situation is that once the design is finalized, it cannot be modified as all the electrical conduits and plumbing sleeves are installed at the factory itself. Another drawback of the pre-fabricated building is that since the structure is made on a very large scale, it can appear monotonous if not designed aesthetically.
As of now, the usage of pre- fabricated buildings in India is restricted to factories and sheds and also as an alternative for army barracks. The concept of Pre- fabricated buildings is still new and needs to be properly established. Since the labor cost here is comparatively low, the need for prefab construction as a low cost option is not required. The lack of proper machinery to handle pre- fabricated buildings is also a reason why it still lacks a footing here. It is used more as a construction option on difficult terrains, and places where weather conditions don't suit construction.
Just as you assemble a car, prefab buildings are built on the same concept. It is a very popular concept in UK, USA etc. where labour cost is very high; as the labour cost is increasing in India as well, gradually the big real estate developers are moving towards this technology and it will witness it as a new trend in the near future.
Liked this article? Click here to consult Nilanjan Bhowal for your project or design dilemma.
Got some tips, design ideas? Share them with the community.
Leave a comment here or submit your own article.
Design Ideas you may like
Popular in this Category
A study of major changes that took place after the independence in the field of architecture in India India is ...
Mud construction can be the persuasive alternative for the success of a nation. It would be a revolutionary development plan ...
Came valentine's day and early morning found me on a rare road journey to the historic town of Melkote. Stepping ...
Luxury Design Products
Decor Accessories Decor Accessories
Sanitaryware Roofs & Ceilings, Wall Coverings
Architectural Case Study
Archohm Design Studio is conceived with the basic architectural principles, one to ensure an effe...
Interviews with Thought Leaders
We are more than overwhelmed to share with you a quick Interview with the founder of the Ke...
Here are the winners of the Artists in Concrete Awards Fest 2015. The event which saw huge turnou...
This week we talk to Sara Tilche, the architect from Milan, the city synonymous with design. Sara...
A yellow colored building with a distinctive exterior and never ending stairs leading up to the t...
Tete-A-Tete with Experts
Chitra Vishwanath is one of the most-talked about architects in the country, yet pretty simple an...
Chennai’s masterplan for its development is older than the name Chennai itself. Drafted in ...
- Anu's home reflects her contemporary taste
- A Home that evokes poetry
- Mr. Sharma's Home embraces the Zen style approach
Copyright ZingyHomes - 2013 - . All rights reserved.
- Kitchen & Dining