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Yatin Pandya

Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India-380014

Post-Earthquake Rehabilitation, Residential-Others

The devastating earthquake, measuring 6.9 at Richter scale, which struck the state of Gujarat in India on 26th January 2001, left more than 20,000 persons dead and millions homeless.  The worst hit was the desert-region of Kutchchh. Kutchchh has a distinct identity essentially derived from its indigenous culture, traditional architecture, local craft and vibrant and unique ethnic communities.  The area supports a living heritage where even today the lifestyles of the people are steeped in traditional practices. In the aftermath of this calamity an opportunity to revive and strengthen this culture was seen through redevelopment of villages in a comprehensive and sustainable manner.

Gandhi nu Gam at Ludiya was one of the sixteen villages where Vastu Shilpa Foundation was involved with the rehabilitation processes. Ludiya epitomises the case of a traditional village, with characteristic lifestyles and builtform. The building-pattern emerges out of the processes of evolution of a socio-culturally and geo-climatically relevant and contextual built-form. The typical traditional dwellings of the region,  ‘bhungas’, have withstood the test of time for centuries and have once again, survived the devastation of the severe earthquake.

(1) The ‘bhunga’ encapsulates indigenous wisdom, sensitive understanding of local resources, material and mastery of techniques alleviating extreme climatic and physical conditions. It accommodates spatial requirements of a traditional lifestyle. The circular form, monolithic construction, small openings, lightweight conical roof and low slenderness ratio of the walls renders it earthquake resistant. 

(2) The total rehabilitation involved the construction of 455 dwellings along with service infrastructure such as sanitation, water-supply, water-harvesting ponds, check-dams and civic amenities such as schools, health-centre, grass-banks, administration office and craft centre.

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Soniya   

Very good to see work done for public good on the platform. It is important to promote such kind of work and make such work known to general public. So much work and thought process goes into it.

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